Laptop Repairs

A basic guide to repairing common problems in laptops

Upgrading your laptop

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Often, laptops are difficult to upgrade. Many components are built on to the motherboard, and therefore entirely new motherboard would be required to upgrade the laptop at all. Before attempting any upgrade, the laptop manual should always be consulted. Most laptops have the capability to take extra RAM, and many are also able to take internal network cards, modems, processor and device upgrades (for example, CD-ROM and floppy disk drives).

CPU Module Underside CPU Module Top

CPU Heatsink Underside CPU Heatsink Top

Installing extra RAM is generally a reasonably simple task once the model and type of RAM has been determined from the manual. All modern RAM for both desktops and laptops comes as blocks, a set of RAM chips built on to a small circuit board. Usually a block of RAM can be used in several different models and brands of laptop. Before installing new RAM, the laptop should be powered down, the power supply disconnected and the battery removed. Most, if not all laptops have a set of plates held down by screws which cover places where RAM, internal network cards and modems are installed. All that has to be done to install the RAM is to open the appropriate panel and slot RAM block in correctly.

RAM RAM in slot

RAM Closed in slot Empty RAM Slot

Installing an internal modem or network card is a similar process. However these components should be sourced from the original manufacturer of the laptop, as many laptops use proprietary sockets for their internal hardware.

In some cases, it is possible to upgrade the CPU of a laptop. However such a processor must be acquired from the laptop manufacturer, as each brand and model of laptop usually has different shaped and sized processor modules.

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